General Information

The country's main exports are concentrated in minerals such as copper and gold, which represent 59% of export sales. Oil and gas account for 8%.
(Source: SUNAT, Central Bank)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) % of regional GDP GDP per head

USD 225,200

millions

4.3%

 

USD 6,994

 

Economic Statistics (years 2015 - forecast 2020)

National Accounts 2015 2016 2017 2018 f.2019 f.2020
             
GDP growth (%) 3.3% 4.1% 2.5% 4.0% 3.7% 3.6%
Nominal GDP (USD millions) 191,600 194,500 214,200 225,200 236,100 249,200
GDP per Head (USD) 6,141 6,175 6,736 6,994 7,242 7,552
Inflation (%) 4.4% 3.2% 1.4% 2.2% 2.2% 2.0%
Fiscal Balance (% GDP) -2.1% -2.6% -3.2% -2.5% -2.0% -1.7%
General Govt. gross debt (% GDP) 23.4% 23.9% 24.9% 25.7% 26.3% 26.8%
   

Trade Statistics

 

Foreign Trade - Composition        
           
Exports     Imports    
           
By countries     By countries  
China 26.4%   China   24.6%
US 19.8%   US   21.7%
Switzerland 5.2%   Brazil   5.9%
South Korea 6.2%   Mexico   4.4%
           
By products     By products  
Fuels and mining prod. 51.6%   Manufactures 71.9%
Agricultural products 17.0%   Fuels and mining prod. 16.3%
Manufactures 11.7%   Agricultural products 11.0%
   
Balance of Payments (USD millions) 2015 2016 2017 2018 f.2019 f.2020
             
Exports of Goods 34,414 37,081 45,275 48,942 50,048 52,977
Exports growth (%) -12.9% 7.7% 22.1% 8.1% 2.3% 5.9%
Imports of Goods 37,331 35,128 38,703 41,893 42,936 45,035
Imports growth (%) -9.0% -5.9% 10.2% 8.2% 2.5% 4.9%
Foreign Trade (% GDP) 37% 37% 39% 40% 39% 39%
             
Current Account Balance -9,169 -5,238 -2,537 -3,348 -4,021 -3,824
% GDP -4.8% -2.7% -1.2% -1.5% -1.7% -1.5%
Foreign Direct Investment 8,272 6,863 6,770 6,175 6,138 6,105
% GDP 4.3% 3.5% 3.2% 2.7% 2.6% 2.4%
   

 

Disclaimer

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